Tips for Watering Your Indoor Cannabis Plants

Whether you are new to growing or a more seasoned cannabis grower, watering your plants can become a tricky ordeal. Knowing when to water, how much water to give, what nutrients to add to your water supply, and considering factors like pH and temperature makes the process no easy feat. Proper watering techniques can make or break your cannabis plants, and some growers consider watering to be the most important factor as far as plant health.

If you are a Canadian citizen who has recently received your ACMPR license to grow legal medicinal cannabis, you might feel lost when you read article after article on watering techniques to optimize the health and potency of your weed. To simplify things, check out these basic watering tips for your indoor cannabis plants.

How often should I be watering my plants? The frequency of watering depends greatly on the stage of growth as well as the size of your pots, so it really varies for each grower. The best advice is to really observe your plants; they’ll tell you what they need. There are signs for underwatered and overwatered plants and you’ll quickly get to know your plants on a personal level. When your plants are thirsty the leaves might look lifeless and droopy and might even lose vibrancy in color.

You’ll also be able to tell if they need water by checking the soil and feeling the weight of the pot. Dry soil and a light pot means it is time to water. Be sure not to overwater – you’ll be able to tell because overwatered plants also have droopy leaves, but the tips typically curl in. The humidity in the grow room might also be extremely high when plants receive too much water, so set up a humidity sensor in the center of the room.

How much water should I give to my plants? The key for knowing how much water your plants need is to observe the run off. As you water, you’ll want to soak the pot entirely and wait for water to make its way down through the plant and exit through the bottom of the pot. You’ll learn over time how much water each plant needs, but keep in mind that more water is required as the plant grows.

Should I add nutrients to my water? Yes, you should be adding nutrients to your water – this will lead to healthy and happy plants. The main nutrients that your plants require is nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus and you can find tons of different nutrient blends on the market that include each of these. Instructions for use will be on the back of each bottle, so be sure to read carefully. Many new growers make the mistake of adding too many nutrients thinking it will benefit the plant in the end. It does exactly the opposite, however, and it can even be more detrimental to your plants than too little nutrients.

What is the optimal pH and temperature for watering? As you are preparing your water, you’ll want to check the pH and temperature. The optimal pH is around 6.2, but plants can handle anywhere between 5.5 and 7. Invest in a pH meter and products to help you adjust the pH value of your water. Also take note of the temperature as any water that is too hot or too cold can shock the plants and stunt growth. Try to keep the temperature around 70 degree Fahrenheit if you can.

Why You Should Consider Switching to an All-Natural Beauty Regimen

Making the switch from your drugstore beauty products to a more natural approach can be tricky, but once you have made the transition you will not regret it. The pros of going all natural and organic, even homemade, greatly outweigh the cons. Chances are you’ll see a positive change in your skin, nails, and hair, and you will also do wonders for the environment. You might even save a pretty penny if you choose to make your own products. To break it down for you, here are the top reasons why you should switch over to a more natural beauty regimen.

You’ll be eliminating tons of toxic chemicals from your daily routine. If you have ever read the packaging on your favorite store-bought products, it might seem like a foreign language. What the heck is retinyl palmitate, sodium lauryl phosphate, or triclosan? If you don’t know what is in it, don’t use it! Ingredients like parabens, phthalates, and fragrances are actually extremely toxic to our health, but these are things that are found in the majority of products found on the shelves of our favorite stores.

Do your best to familiarize yourself with ingredients – which ones are harmful and which ones are beneficial – and read labels before you purchase products. Look for things that have little to no preservatives, or better you research recipes for DIY face wash, shampoo, moisturizer, and even makeup.

There’s a good chance you will have a positive effect on the environment. More and more all-natural and organic brands are becoming not only health conscious, but also more environmentally aware. Look for labels that claim to have 100% recycled packaging, or even companies that give back some of their profits to environment organizations. If you choose to make your own products, consider reusing your bottles and packaging, and even opt for glass bottles (which are much better for the environment than plastic).

You’ll save a buck or two. Buying quality skin and hair care items can become pricey, even if you choose to go with all-natural store-bought products. So if you want to save major money, consider DIY’ing. Making a honey face wash or sugar body scrub costs a fraction of what it would in store, and chances are it will work just as well, if not better. Simple products – such as honey, vinegar, baking soda, and coconut oil – can be used for just about anything from toothpaste to face wash, so don’t overlook what is hiding in your kitchen pantry or refrigerator.

Your hair, skin, and nails will thank you in the end. There might be a short transition period where your skin and hair reacts in funky ways to the more natural products, but stick with it. You won’t be disappointed! Once you get past the initial transition, it is more likely than not that your skin with become smooth and vibrant and your hair will become silky and voluminous. Eliminating those toxins and adding healthier natural ingredients to your everyday routine will do wonders, especially if you choose to go completely organic and chemical-free.

Top 5 Foods to Enhance Your Physical Fitness

If you’re trying to get in better shape, but just can’t seem to shed the pounds or build the muscle you were hoping to, maybe you need to add more than just a new workout routine into your everyday life.  There are other things to consider, like the amount of water you drink and the types of food you consume.

You might think that when it comes to your diet, the only thing you need to think about is the caloric value of each food or beverage item you put in your mouth. But did you know that there are actually certain foods and drinks that can enhance your fitness and help you shed those pounds or build that muscle tone more effectively? Check out these seven food items that will surely change your physical health for the better.

Bananas – Bananas are considered by some nutritionists to be the ideal fitness food. Not only is it delicious and easy to eat, it is filled with potassium and other essential nutrients to promote overall health. If you are feeling crazy, even try throwing the peel and all in the blender with other yummy ingredients for a fruit smoothie. The peel has been found to contain huge amounts of potassium as well as serotonin and lutein. Eat a banana just before or after a workout to help your body refuel on healthy calories.

Sweet Potatoes – Sweet potatoes are jam-packed with tons of disease-fighting elements that our bodies need, such as iron, vitamin C, and beta-carotene. It is especially helpful to consume a meal with sweet potatoes before a long workout because they help to alleviate and prevent muscle cramping and soreness.

Salmon – Salmon is the ideal fish for enhancing overall health, especially when it comes to keeping your heart healthy. It is the ideal meal for after a tough workout, especially since it contains proteins that will allow your muscles to rebuild and repair themselves. Even if you are not a seafood lover, try adding salmon to your diet here and there. It is known to be a less fishy form of seafood, so you might just love it. Dress it up with some lemon juice, dill, and salt and pepper.

Brazil Nuts – Just about every nut is considered to be a great pre or post workout snack, but brazil nuts are in a league of their own. They are the best nut for enhancing your physical fitness for several reasons, including the fact that they contain selenium. This mineral is essential for maintaining a healthy immune system and protecting the body from cancer and other diseases. They are fairly high in calories and fat content, but are perfect for snacking on here and there to avoid feeling hungry throughout the day.

Milk – Many people do their best to avoid dairy when they are trying to lose weight, but milk is extremely hydrating and helps to rebuild muscle rapidly. Its good amount of calcium helps to strengthen bones and give you the energy you need to complete your workout. Athletes often choose to drink a large glass of chocolate milk after a workout, or even a fruit smoothie containing milk and yogurt.

Best Attractions in Washington D.C. for History Lovers

Washington D.C. is a top tourist destination for travelers from all around the world, especially for history-loving tourists. As the capital, D.C. is one of the best cities in America to learn about the historical past of the nation. It is the perfect educational destination to learn about the government of the United States, the wars that American men and women have served in, and to see the stunning architecture throughout the city. To start planning your trip, check out the best attractions throughout Washington D.C. for the history lover in you.

The National World War II Memorial

The World War II Memorial was dedicated in 2004 to the many Americans who died in the war – just over 400,000 brave soldiers. The memorial can get fairly congested in the spring and summer months, but it is still definitely worth your time. Try visiting after sunset when the bright lights surrounding the memorial make it picturesque. This attraction is free and is open 24 hours a day.

The Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial is a must-see hotspot in the capital city, and not just because it is home to a larger-than-life statue of one of the most iconic American presidents of all time – Abraham Lincoln. You’ll also get the chance to see the famous words of Honest Abe etched on the walls surrounding the monument. The words are from Lincoln’s most remembered speeches, the Gettysburg Address and his second inaugural address. This attraction is free and is open all day and night, but consider visiting after dark when it is less crowded and impressively lit up against the night sky.

The United States Capitol

If you are interested in government policies and laws, be sure to check out the Capitol building. It is where pretty much all of the action happens; the Democratic and Republican parties come here to debate and vote on national policy before they are denied or passed. Even if you have no interest at all in how laws are passed, you’ll be amazed by the impressive architecture and artwork within this government building. Inside you’ll find a variety of sculptures and paintings depicting the nation’s interesting past. Keep in mind that this attraction is only open from Monday to Saturday from 8:30am to 4:30pm, and even though passes are free it is a good idea to inquire about them ahead of time. Visit the website to obtain visitors’ passes to tour the Capitol building.

The Washington Monument

Yet another free tourist attraction in D.C., the Washington Monument is possibly the most popular among travelers and locals alike. It stands at a whopping 555 feet tall and was the tallest structure in the world for many years. For amazing views of the city, take the elevator all the way to the top, where there is an observation deck with stunning panoramic cityscapes. The exterior grounds of the monument are open to the public 24 hours a day, but keep in mind that the interior is only open until 10pm.

Top 5 Fittest Cities in the United States

Many people around the world perceive Americans to be unfit, obese, and overindulgent when it comes to eating. Although Americans may be seen as lazy by other citizens of the world, this is not actually the case in many parts of the country. There are tons of cities in the United States that are actually home to some of the most fit and health conscious people in the world. Check out these top five fittest cities in America, and see exactly what makes them some of the healthiest places to live.

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Residents of Minnesota are known to be some of the busiest bees in all of the United States of America, especially in the capital city of Minneapolis. Many people assume that since the city experiences such brutally cold winters, citizens of the city would stay indoors next to their cozy fireplaces all winter long. But this is actually not the case at all. More and more people in the city are ditching their cars and opting for public transportation, meaning they get out and about to stretch their legs more often.

Washington, D.C.

Although Washington, D.C. is no longer considered the fittest city in all of America, it still ranks as one of the highest in terms of fitness. With the beautiful park systems and winding trails throughout the nation’s capital, it is no wonder that running is one of the top activities for exercise. Chances are if you are out and about in the morning, you’ll see tons of people out for their morning runs. What better place to do this than through the iconic Lincoln Memorial, the White House, and the Washington Monument.

Seattle, Washington

Washington State’s Seattle has just about everything when it comes to enjoying the outdoors. It is nestled between the mountains and the ocean, and the city is a perfect place to walk for hours and explore. During the rainy season, people don’t just laze around inside. There are tons of gyms throughout the city, basically one around every corner. So between the great outdoors and the multitude of fitness centers throughout Seattle, it makes sense that it ranks as one of the most fit cities in America.

Madison, Wisconsin

In terms of personal health, the city of Madison in Wisconsin is considered to be one of the best in the country. Residents on average get a good seven hours of sleep each night, consume a good amount of fruits and vegetables throughout the day, and are generally in good physical health when it comes to strength and endurance.

Boulder, Colorado

Cities in Colorado have always been considered to be some of the healthiest in America, and Boulder has ranked as one of the top for many years now. There is an unlimited amount of outdoor activities throughout the city since it is surrounded by stunning mountains, and the obesity rate of the residents is less than 13% – much lower than the country average. The brisk mountain air doesn’t stop people from enjoying the outdoors; most people here regularly hit the slopes to get their hearts racing and blood pumping.

Top 4 Most Profitable Small Business Ventures of 2018

In recent years, the number of successful business ventures has increased tenfold. With huge advancements in the online and technological world, new business ideas appear everyday – some of which become thriving companies. In 2018, there are definitely trends when it comes to which businesses succeed and which businesses flop. Check out the top four most profitable small business ventures of this year.

Website Design

Every single successful business needs a proper website, whether you want to admit it or now. If you are starting your own small business and have no idea how to design your company’s website, chances are you have looked into website design services or contacted someone you know who is familiar with the world of website design. There is a huge need for these services, so it makes sense that businesses and individuals who specialize in designing websites for other clients are quite successful.

It costs essentially nothing to get a website design business up-and-running, and rates for some of the top design companies are fairly high. As long as you have a computer, internet access, a creative mind and a willingness to learn the ropes of the design world, you can even start your own freelance business, and find clients willing to pay for your services.

Consulting Services

Business consulting services is another business venture that has essentially no overhead costs and is cheap to keep up and running. Finding potential clients will be the most difficult aspect, especially once you first start – but there are tons of methods for marketing yourself and your consulting services. Although finding the clients can be challenging, it is well worth it because potential clients are willing to pay consultants a hefty amount for the right business advice. This venture is not for everyone, however, since you do need a decent amount of education when it comes to business development.

Personal Training

No matter what, there will always be a need for personal trainers. There will always be people out in the world willing to pay someone to lead them on the road to better health and physical fitness. As long as you consider yourself fit and healthy, receiving the certifications and licenses you need in order to start training other people isn’t too difficult. Once again, the cost of getting started is fairly low, and you can charge clients a decent hourly rate for signing up to train with you. There are plenty of options to work in gyms and fitness centers, but you are much better off financially if you choose to work independently.

Food Trucks

Similar to personal training, there will always be a need for dining services. The food trucking industry has become especially lucrative in the past decade or so – everyone likes a delicious quality meal that comes from an authentic food truck on the side of the road. When you start a restaurant, the overhead costs are extremely high, but food trucks are a great way to start your business for much less. If you offer a unique and yummy menu and park your truck in a high walking-traffic area, you should be able to make a decent income.

Top 5 Cheapest Colleges for Out-of-State Tuition Costs

Everyone says that the first step to getting a quality job with good benefits and job security is to first receive a good education. But this isn’t always a feasible option for everyone…the cost of attending college in the United States has become outrageous, and it is preventing more and more people from receiving the education they deserve. Getting the job of your dreams is typically determined by whether or not you have received a degree, and the prestigiousness of the university you attended is also taken into account.

Don’t let the high cost of receiving your degree stop you though, you always have the option to take out student loans. There are also a decent amount of more affordable university that offer a much lower out-of-state tuition cost than the average school. Check out these five budget-friendly colleges with more reasonable tuition expectations.

Southern University in New Orleans, Louisiana

Located just outside of New Orleans, Southern University is a historical college for African Americans looking for an affordable education. The school was founded in 1880, and is funded by the Thurgood Marshall College Fund as a way to keep tuition costs low. On average, the annual out-of-state tuition at SUNO is just under $5,000.

Chadron State University in Chadron, Nebraska

If you are looking for one of the most affordable schools in the U.S., look no further. Chadron State College in Nebraska asks for an average of $5,500 per year for out-of-state tuition costs. It is a relatively small school with about 3,000 students and 25 major buildings on campus. There is a wide range of degrees you can receive from Chadron, varying from liberal arts to business to applied sciences and social sciences.

Mississippi Valley State University in Itta Bena, Mississippi

Itta Bena’s Mississippi Valley State University averages out-of-state tuition costs just under $6,000 annually.  You can choose between degrees in arts and sciences, professional studies, and education and there is also a large graduate program. If you are interested in joining a fraternity or sorority in order to make life-long friends, the Greek society at MVSU is fairly large. You’ll get the chance to show your school spirit at the many sporting events on campus.

Minot State University in Minot, North Dakota

Minot State University in North Dakota was founded in 1913, and it is the third largest university in the state offering both undergrad and graduate degrees. There are over sixty undergrad majors you can choose from, ranging from liberal arts to professional degrees. It is a small school, with under 4,000 students, but the price can’t be beat. The out-of-state tuition averages to about $6,000 each year.

Oklahoma Panhandle State University in Goodwell, Oklahoma

Oklahoma Panhandle State University is located in Goodwell and offers both associate’s and bachelor’s degrees. The university is comprised of three schools: the College of Agriculture, the College of Business, and the College of Arts and Education. Its main focus is on agricultural programs, including just about every farming-related industry.

The Best Under-the-Radar Restaurants in Italy

When it comes to Italy, there is a general consensus among travelers around the globe that Italian food is some of the best in the world. Who doesn’t love a creamy pasta or cheesy pizza? In Italy, you’ll find something to satisfy your hunger around every street corner, and the number of top-rated world renowned restaurants is too many to count. You could easily Google search which restaurants are recommended in your area, but do your best to check out the local hotspots that are not frequented by tons of tourists. Start off by checking out these under-the-radar restaurants throughout all of Italy.

Pagnanelli near southeast Rome

The impressive Pagnanelli restaurant can be found on the shores of Lago Albano just twenty kilometers southeast of Rome. If Rome is on your Italian itinerary, making the quick drive to this restaurant is a must-do activity. Not only will you be surrounded by picturesque views of the lake and countryside as you sit down to enjoy your meal, you’ll get a chance to try some of the most delectable food in the area. The restaurant is situated right next to the summer villa of the Pope, and famous icons from all over the world have sat on the Pagnanelli terrace enjoying wine and food, including Robert De Niro, Nicolas Cage, Justin Timberlake, and Catherine Zeta Jones.

Osteria di Passignano just outside of Florence

The Osteria di Passignano restaurant is actually within the walls of an ancient monastery that originated in the year 395. The Vallombrosan Order monks still live there to this day, so you’ll get the chance to learn about medieval times and Italy of the past. The restaurant was founded in 2000 and features authentic Tuscan cuisine and aged wine originating from the surrounding vineyards. You can even sign up for classes in the cooking school if you are interested in learning about classic Italian food.

Amerigo 1934 in Savigno

Amerigo 1934 is located in the small town of Savigno, about 40 miles southwest of Bologna. The main draw of this restaurant is the chef’s use of truffles, which pair perfectly with the homemade pasta. It has been around since 1934, so you know it has to be a top option in Italy. The people that dine here rave about the simplicity of each dish, but also the deliciousness. Just about all of the ingredients come from the nearby vegetable patch and farmhouse, moving from farm to table the very same day it hits your stomach.

La Locanda di Pietracupa

This restaurant is located within the walls of a charming bed and breakfast found in Poggio, Italy. If you get the chance, you should book a night or two at the B&B, but if not definitely stop in for a meal. The food is best known for being authentic Tuscan cuisine, but usually with a unique twist. Be sure to book your table in advance, it is the most popular restaurant in the area amongst its guests as well as travelers passing through.